Wild Sarsaparilla – Aralia Nudicaulis: Edible & Medicinal Uses of the Rootbeer of Wild Plants

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In Chippewa, wabos’odji’bik meaning “rabbit root”, wild sarsaparilla is a prized edible and medicinal herb. And not just for the rootbeer. (Though that’d be enough for me!)

Wild sarsaparilla’s folk names include rabbit foot and wild licorice. In some of my herbal books, it’s called spikenard instead. But there are many plants called spikenard.

There’s also the slightly larger bristly sarsaparilla (aralia hispida) in our area of Central Ontario, which can be told apart by the bristly hairs on its stems. The bristly sarsaparilla also has more of a penchant for streams, ponds, and lakes. Take note that its uses are not identical.

Wild sarsaparilla’s wild allies include the eastern chipmunk and black bear, and feathered friends like the Swainson’s and wood thrushes, and white-throated sparrows.

Edible Uses of Wild Sarsaparilla

Wild Sarsaparilla - Aralia Nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla – Aralia Nudicaulis

Young shoots can be used as a potherb.

The rhizomes are edible and have been used to make beer, and the berries have been used to add flavor to beer and wine. The berries alone are not so palatable.

I’m more of a wild sarsaparilla rootbeer tea person myself, which can be made with fresh or dry roots. Here’s a Root Beer Tea recipe from Rosemary Gladstar’s Medicinal Herbs:

An Old Illustration of Wild Sarsaparilla - Aralia Nudicaulis
An Old Illustration of Wild Sarsaparilla – Aralia Nudicaulis

Prepare a decoction of

  • 1 part burdock root, chopped
  • 1 part cinnamon chips
  • 1 part sarsaparilla root
  • 1/2 part dandelion root
  • 1/4 part ginger root, chopped or freshly grated
  • a pinch of stevia (1/2 tsp per qt)

I got a kick out of seeing antique Sarsaparilla bottles at Antiques On Hwy 48 – as I was writing this blogpost. Let’s bring this olden drink back!

Medicinal Uses of Wild Sarsaparilla

Wild sarsparilla is primarily said to support these body systems:

  • Integumentary
  • Respiratory

Medicinal tags include Alterative and Diaphoretic. See Medicinal tag key for more information.

Common usage includes roots as a weaker version of ginseng, which is traditionally used to invigorate. Rosemary’s tea recipe above came with instructions to drink twice a day to help clear up certain skin conditions. It may help with a cough as well.

Growing Aralia Nudicaulis

I’ve seen wild sarsaparilla growing, even aggressively spreading, mostly along the edges of trails in shady moist woods. And sometimes along the edges of dirt sideroads, showing a tolerance for poor soils. While you could grow from seed it’s probably easiest to replant the suckers. It’s a wonderful native plant to sow amongst your spring ephemerals in your woods and will put on quite the golden display in autumn:

Wild Sarsaparilla - Aralia Nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla – Aralia Nudicaulis


It’s a diuretic.

And the Usual Cautions:

1) Most medicinal herbs, if edible, are meant to be eaten in moderation, even sparingly. Some require extra preparation.

2) People can be allergic or sensitive to nearly any plant; try new herbs one at a time at your own risk.

3) For medicinal use, I must recommend receiving a diagnosis and working with a reputed health care provider. I generally do not post specific treatments and dosages because I think that is best between you and your health care provider, and ideally monitored. Herbalists do not have an official certification yet, but that may be in the works.

4) Anyone pregnant, nursing, or taking prescription drugs should talk to a health care professional before adding new food items to their diet.

5) Many plants have look-a-likes, and sometimes they are poisonous.

#ads in References

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Rosemary Gladstar’s Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner’s Guide: 33 Healing Herbs to Know, Grow, and Use

How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts (Native American)

Indian Herbalogy of North America: The Definitive Guide to Native Medicinal Plants and Their Uses

Reader’s Digest Magic and Medicine of Plants

The Herb Book: The Most Complete Catalog of Herbs Ever Published (Dover Cookbooks)

Edible and Medicinal Plants of Canada

Forest Plants of Central Ontario

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